C-Eng18 during DRRM Seminar: 1. At the same time, a natural disaster exposes the various human frailties and faults that led to the disaster in the first place. Essay Sample: Name: Rivera, Rosalynd L. Prof. Tiongson Student No. Disclaimer: Please note that all kinds of custom written papers ordered from AdvancedWriters.com academic writing service, including, but not limited to, essays, research papers, dissertations, book reviews, should be used as reference material only. Avalanches are very damaging and cause huge loss to life and property. Reflection Paper. Scientists, geologists, and storm watchers work hard to predict major disasters and avert as much damage as possible. Critical Reflection A Critical Reflection (also called a reflective essay) is a process of identifying, questioning, and assessing our deeply-held assumptions – about our knowledge, the way we perceive events and issues, our beliefs, feelings, and actions. The major disasters naturally may include earthquakes, cyclones, floods, and drought. Pre-disaster forecasting and prediction measures serves as early warning signs of the disaster. There is also an urgent need for strengthening the disaster management pedagogy by creating disaster management faculties in universities, rural development institutes and other organisations of premier research. In addition, resource inventories of governmental and non-governmental systems including personnel and equipment help inefficient mobilization and optimization of response measures. Copyright 9. Disasters often result in enormous economic losses that are both immediate as well as long term in nature and demand additional revenues. There is no doubt that the earth is experiencing on of the most intense periods of volcanism in the last 10,000 years. In 2011 alone, almost 30,000 people were killed in 302 disasters, and 206 million people were affected. Cyclones occur frequently on both the Coasts (the West Coast —Arabian Sea; and the East Coast —Bay of Bengal). The prediction systems related to volcanic activity has improved considerably during past few decades. There is a need for strengthening specialized training, including training of personnel in disaster response. The impact of cyclones goes far beyond just deaths and building damage. The concept of climate change has been around for quite a while. Introduction to Disaster Risk Reduction: Disaster Risk reduction (DRR) aims to reduce the damage caused by natural hazards like earthquakes, floods, droughts and cyclones, through an ethic of prevention. Minor disasters typically include storm, heat waves, cold waves, mudslides, and thunderstorms. For example, the developing countries are much more seriously affected in terms of the loss of lives, hardship borne by population and the percentage of their GNP lost. At least 22 countries along the rim of the Pacific are estimated to beat risk from potential tsunami. When disasters with extreme losses occur in the countries that aren’t well prepared, these losses become a bit high due to the inability to manage the situation in a timed manner. I definitely found that to make a presentation on a topic the presenter must have an interest and a great knowledge of the topic. More than 700 professional Ph.D. and Master’s academic writers. Information and training on ways to better respond to and mitigate disasters to the responders go a long way in building the capacity and resilience of the country to reduce and prevent disasters. Disaster  A disaster is a result from the combination of hazard, vulnerability and insufficient capacity or measures to reduce the potential chances of risk. However, global listings of disasters rarely include those which occur in small states such as island states, which in areas such as the Caribbean, Indian Ocean and South Pacific are particularly prone to tropical cyclones. This period began at the beginning of the seventh century, concomitant with global cooling that peaked in the little ice age. Development activities that do not consider the disaster loss perspective fail to be sustainable. There is a variance in disaster vulnerability (Sperling, 2005). Probably the best documented of these events is the occurrence at Noshiro, Japan, in 1983 which caused approximately 100 deaths and extensive property damage and flooding. Some disasters cause more loss of life than others, and population density affects the death count as well. An appropriate level of awareness at the school level will help increase awareness among children and, in many cases, parents and other family members through these children. It leads to. Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) is the concept and practice of reducing disaster risks through analysis and management of the causal factors of disasters. The Eighth Plan allocation of Rs.6.30 crore for this scheme was increased to Rs.16.32 crore in the Ninth Plan. Sometimes, a time of warning is there, but it’s often very short with catastrophic results. Having critical writing and thinking skills help with the development of a reflection paper. So a flood on an uninhabited island would not count as a disaster, but a flood in a populated area is called a natural disaster. Landslides occur in the hilly regions such as the Himalayas, North-East India, the Nilgiris, and Eastern and Western Ghats. Content Guidelines 2. Self-reflection is a personal experience. The government White paper and Act on Disaster Management define the roles of Local Authorities as well as Provincial and National government in disaster management. 500+ Words Essay on Natural Disasters A Natural disaster is an unforeseen occurrence of an event that causes harm to society. The natural disasters that really affect people worldwide tend to become more intense as the years go on. However, some countries might be more prone to a particular type of disaster. The development process needs to be sensitive towards disaster prevention and mitigation aspects. Depending on varying degrees of seismicity, the entire country can be divided into the following seismic regions: Of the earthquake-prone areas, 12% is proneto very severe earthquakes, 18% to severe earthquakes and 25% to damageable earthquakes. Contamination of water supplies and destruction of crops can also lead to disease and starvation. Their usual content are those topics that may have previously been presented but were not given with full emphasis. However, loss of property is still a problem, and predicting many natural disasters isn’t easy. Development programme that go into promoting development at the local level have been left to the general exercise of planning. If we are well and adequately prepared, it is very easy to reduce the impact of that disaster. First, it works on a four-stage cycle of learning. Management of disasters should therefore be an interface between a community effort to mitigate and prevent disasters as also an effort from the government machinery to buttress and support popular initiatives. Identification and training of volunteers from the community towards first response measures as well as mitigation measures is an urgent imperative. The country receives an annual precipitation of 400 million hectare meters. It is a way for a writer to share an important event in his/her life and how it affected him/her so that others may learn something from it. Disaster prevention is intrinsically linked to preventive planning. When nearly 380 people were killed when massive landslides washed away the entire village. The existence of natural disasters might lead one to ask why God would allow such things to happen. There is a need to focus and develop a plan that would focus on disaster management planning for prevention, reduction, mitigation, preparedness and response to reduce life and property due to natural disaster. Convex slopes more prone to this disaster. A programme of periodic drills should be introduced in vulnerable areas to enable prompt and appropriate community response in the event of a disaster which can help save valuable lives. Some of the important steps in this regard are: 1. Throughout history, disasters had some significant impacts on the number, lifestyle, and health statuses of the population, such as death, shortage of food, movements of the population, damage of water systems, health facilities, and severe injuries that require treatment extensive. The disaster potential is particularly high at the time of landfall in the north Indian Ocean (Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea) due to the accompanying destructive wind, storm surges and torrential rainfall. Besides, additional pressures may be imposed on finances of the government through investments in relief and rehabilitation work. Various changes in social life can be caused by disasters. Not every disaster can be prevented, especially when it comes to natural disasters. Ullrich P. M. and Lutgendorf S. K,. As always, NDRM was celebrated through the intiation of various activities that involved not only the OCD-RDRRMC but also the local DRRM Officers--- from the cities, to the municipalities, and … 500+ Words Essay on Natural Disasters. Four kinds of knowledge located in Kolb’s scheme Kolb’s model therefore works on two levels – a four-stage cycle: A partial geographical distribution of tsunamis is given in Table 30.2: Over past two thousand years there have been 10, 00,000 deaths attributed to tsunami in the Pacific region alone. With all the technology available, it’s become easier to predict major storms, blizzards, cyclones, and other weather related natural disasters. V. Slopes covered with grass more prone to this hazard. Drought prone areas comprise 108.11 million hectares out of a total land area of 329 million hectares. The need of the hour is to chalk out a multi-pronged strategy for total risk management, comprising prevention, preparedness, response and recovery on the one hand, and initiate development efforts aimed towards risk reduction and mitigation, on the other. Over 4000 people have been trained at the State level. Disasters strike in every corner of the world, during every season, and on different scales throughout the year. Once the needs of emergency are satisfied, and the crisis is over, all people that were affected together with the community supporting them remain vulnerable. What have you learned from the DRRM seminar x workshop x training x practicals? In a reflective essay, a writer primarily examines his or her life experiences, hence the term ‘reflective’. The word ‘reflective’ means that you look back to the past and analyze the matter from a present point of view. Essay # 1. Building codes, critical front-line defence for achieving stronger engineered structures, need to be drawn up in accordance with the vulnerability of the area and implemented through appropriate techno-legal measures. Disaster relief is a multi-agency coordinated response targeted at reducing disaster impact and its long-term results. An analysis of the frequency of cyclones on the East and West Coasts of India between 1891 and 1990 shows that nearly 262 cyclones occurred (92 severe) in a 50 km wide strip on the East Coast. However, in 1920, there was a published study referred to as the catastrophe and social change by Henry Samuel Prince. Example analytical essay - page 1 Example reflective essay - page 11 EXAMPLE ANALYTICAL ESSAY This example of an analytical essay is presented in association with Price, B and Harrington, A (2010) Critical Thinking and Writing for Nursing Students, Exeter, Learning Matters. Another thing that might lead to a big loss during certain disasters is the secure utilities and properly manages inability (Pearce, 2003). Environmental protection, afforestation programme, pollution control, construction of earthquake resistant structures etc., should therefore have high priority within the plans Mitigation measures on individual structures can be achieved by design standards building codes and performance specifications. Here is a compilation of essays on ‘Natural Disasters’ for class 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. The reality of these disasters, and our responses to them, are heavily influenced by the framework that the media uses – through exposure on television, radio and in print – to capture our attention. Of these, storm surges are the greatest killers of a cyclone, by which sea water inundates low lying areas of coastal regions and causes heavy floods, erodes beaches and embankments, destroys vegetation and reduces soil fertility.  A disaster happens when a hazard impacts on the vulnerable population and causes damage, casualties and disruption. St Helena, Krakatoa, and Mt, Pelee are significant because of either the enormity of the eruption or the resulting death tool. Therefore, the tone and voice of the writing are personal as well. Disasters also help to set in motion sincere research and study of the factors that caused the disaster and of better ways to predict and prevent such disasters in the future. Creating State-of-the-Art Infrastructure: The entire disaster mitigation game plan must necessarily be anchored to front line research and development in a holistic mode. ← Narrative Essay on a Life Changing Moment Mansarovar in Tibet. The most important thing in disaster management is minimizing losses when disaster happens together with ensuring that resources are utilized effectively (as they are scarce already). Top 5 Rules for writing Hook Reflection Paper . Page 1 of 50 - About 500 essays. 4. Successful DRR results from the combination of top-down, institutional changes and strategies, with bottom-up, local and community … The major activities undertaken within this scheme include the setting up of the National Centre for Disaster Management (NCDM) at the Indian Institute of Public Administration, creation of 24 disaster management faculties in 23 states, research and consultancy services, documentation of major disaster events and forging regional cooperation. Muhammad Zeeshan Ahad M.Sc Construction Project Management (UK) B.Sc Civil Engineering (Pakistan) Affiliation Royal Institute of Civil Engineers (U.K) Royal Institute of Chartered Surveyors (U.K) Pakistan Engineering Council (PAK) Head of Department Assistant Professor Civil Engineering Iqra National University 2. Judged by the frequency with which they cause damage and by the surface area of the regions they strike, windstorms can be said to be the most significant of all natural hazards. The major disasters that are caused by humans include deforestation, fires, setting on fires, and pollution due to their prawn activities. Disaster preparedness is a continuous and integrated process resulting from a wide range of risk reduction activities and resources rather than from a distinct sectoral activity by itself. Beside killing people, avalanches also damage the roads and others properties and settlements falling in its way. Severe tropical cyclones (called “hurricanes” in the Atlantic, Caribbean and north-eastern Pacific; “typhoons” in the western Pacific; and “cyclones” in the Indian Ocean and in the sea around Australia), tornadoes, monsoons and thunderstorms between them affect every country in the world. The future blue-print for disaster management in India rests on the premise that in today’s society while hazards, both natural or otherwise, are inevitable, the disasters that follow need not be so and the society can be prepared to cope with them effectively whenever they occur. In the hilly terrain of India including the Himalayas, landslides have been a major and widely spread natural disasters that often strike life and property and occupy a position of major concern. Training facilities for government personnel involved in disaster management are conducted at the national level by the National Centre for Disaster Management at the Indian Institute of Public Administration, in New Delhi which functions as the nodal institution in the country for training, research and documentation of disasters. Copyright © 2008-2021 AdvancedWriters.com. It’s clear that natural disasters are a part of life as we know it. Introduction. Going beyond the historical focus on relief and rehabilitation after the event, we now have to look ahead and plan for disaster preparedness and mitigation, in order that the periodic shocks to our development efforts are minimized. What is global education? Writing Tips, Samples and News for Students. The four quadrants of the cycle are associated with four different forms of knowledge, in Kolb’s view. There is a need to create awareness through education training and information dissemination, community based approach followed by most NGOs and Community Based Organizations (CBOs) should be incorporated in the disaster management sector as an effective means of community participation. Sir Adrian Romero. Mostly occurring in the Pacific Ocean, tsunamis, although hardly noticeable at sea, can reach gigantic proportions as they reach shallow, coastal waters. As you write one, you need to reflect, think, and explain. These statements breathe life into your essay as your readers start picturing what you’ve written in their minds. The earth has been affected by natural hazards over a long time as man emerged into the picture – the picture that the natural occurrences were becoming a disaster, together with being documented in various ways providing a warning for the future generation. Disasters can have devastating impact on the economy and is a significant setback to the development in a given region. Depending on the severity, lives can be lost in any number of disasters. Tone and Structure. The cyclones of severe intensity and frequency in the north Indian Ocean are bi-modal in character, with their primary peak in November and secondary peak in May. Specialised courses should be treated as a distinct academic and professional discipline, the subject needs to be discussed and taught as a specific component in professional and specialised courses like medicine, nursing, engineering, environmental sciences, architecture, and town and country planning. The other parts of the country dominated by deciduous forest are also damaged by fire up to an extent. Introduction: ADVERTISEMENTS: The definition of natural disasters is any catastrophic event that is … Windstorms influence precipitation systems floods and, most importantly, cause severe destruction to crops and properties. to examine our biases, A reflection paper refers to one where the student expresses their thoughts and sentiments about specific issues. Natural Disasters 882 Words | 4 Pages. The direct hazards of volcanic eruptions are: In addition indirectly they are associated with earthquake and tsunami events. Prior to starting a reflection paper, you need to articulate and integrate your classroom experiences and core theme of readings or observations. How to Develop Your Writing Style →. Disaster management is a term that is usually referred to as the management of resources and responsibilities in dealing with the losses of life and property in a disaster like an earthquake, volcanic eruptions, epidemics and pandemics. Physical vulnerability also relates to the technical capacity of buildings and structures to resist the forces acting upon them during a hazard event. Natural disasters know no political boundaries and have no social or economic considerations. A reflection paper starts with a basic outlook on different thoughts and it is usually about the film, idea, lecture, or even a historical personality. III. India is having a high risk towards earthquakes. Floods in the Indo-Gangetic-Brahmaputra plains are an annual feature. Changes in disaster study become visible with the theories related to a cultural protection collapse. In contrast the volcanic events of the last century may be viewed as freak eruption of supposedly dormant volcanoes. We'll find the best writer for you subject! One of the worst tragedies took place at Malpa (Uttrakhand) on 11th and 17th August, 1998. Constructions in hazardous areas like flood plains or steep soft slopes are more vulnerable to disasters. Only then can we look forward to “sustainable development”. Disclaimer 8. Have tropical cyclone frequencies or their intensities increased with global changes throughout the last century? Celebrities will often do what they can to raise money through concerts, phone marathons, and visiting affected areas with aid. People will step in and donate items, time, and skills in order to help those affected by a natural disaster. Large-scale disasters include earthquakes, tsunamis etc and man-made or t echnological disasters include HAZMAT incidents, act of terrorism, nuclear power plant accidents. Of these, the majority has their initial genesis over the Bay of Bengal and strike the east coast of India. They are also merciless, and as such the vulnerable tend to suffer more at the impact of natural disasters. In the last twenty years or so three million people have been killed as a result of such events. This included 60 pilgrims going to Lake. Less severe cyclonic activity has been noticed on the West Coast, with 33 cyclones occurring in the same period, out of which 19 of these were severe. Content Filtration 6. Whether a disaster is man-made or natural, it can occur at any time and anywhere. The major loss due to forest fire is caused to the environment which gets adversely affected by this calamity. Tsunamis have multiple origin—16.5 per cent resulted from tectonic earthquakes associated with the eruption, 20 per cent from pyroclastic (ash) flows or surges hitting the ocean, 14 per cent from submarine eruptions, 7 per cent resulted from the collapse of the volcano and subsequent caldera formation, 5 per cent from landslides or avalanches, 3 per cent from atmospheric shock waves and 25 per cent had no discernible origin, but probably were produced by submerged volcanic eruptions. Introduction of a comprehensive process of vulnerability analysis and objective risk assessment. Natural disasters have become a recurring phenomenon in the recent past. The increase in the use of high-technology equipment and tools in manufacturing and service industries have also made them susceptible to disruption due to relatively moderate ground shaking. Christophe Béné . Research Fellow in the Vulnerability and Poverty Reduction team and member of the Centre for Social Protection at the Institute of Development Studies. The silica poor volcanoes called basaltic volcanoes, while the silica rich volcanoes are andesitic volcanoes. A reflection paper is one of the few pieces of academic writing in which you can get away with using the first person pronoun “I.” That said, you should still relate your subjective feelings and opinions using specific evidence to explain them. This is because listings often set a criteria based on magnitude of impact with which small states cannot compete against larger countries. Disaster insurance mostly works under the premise of ‘higher the risk higher the premium, lesser the risk lesser the premium’, thus creating awareness towards vulnerable areas and motivating people to settle in relatively safer areas? In developing countries destruction of infrastructure and primary agriculture can lead to a decrease in exports and gross national product, while increasing the likelihood of forfeiture of international loan repayments. Land use planning better prediction of volcanic eruptions and development of effective evacuation plans reduce the loss of human life from volcanic eruption. As per Gaius Pinius Caecilius secundus on 24 August, 79 AD the Nt. Essay Sample: Name: Rivera, Rosalynd L. Prof. Tiongson Student No. (meaning of concepts: disaster, hazards, disaster risk reduction formula, capacities,vulnerabilities, Philippine Disaster situation facts, risk reduction, … A high level of readiness lets them have good control over their potential loss. In one way, these utilities tend to be very important, and on the other hand, due to ruptures or leakage, some of them might be in contact with each other, where they are not supposed to be. Disaster: a serious disruption of the functioning of society, causing widespread human, material or environmental losses, which exceed the ability of the affected communities to cope using their own resources. Thank you. In other words, being adequately equipped is the key element of proper disaster management for every country. Insurance is a potentially important mitigation measure in disaster-prone areas as it brings quality in the infrastructure consciousness and a culture of safety by its insistence on following building codes, norms, guidelines, quality materials in construction etc. Of learning wildfires, landslides, or even volcanic eruptions year, of two. 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