Many of these animals have “vanished”, or forced into deeper parts of the wilderness. Endemic to Borneo, it is classified as endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The high diversity and endemicity of mammals is related to the many niches found in the tropical rain forest of Borneo and past Pleistocene events within the Sundaland region. But the times are changing, and not for the better. The Borneo bay cat is considered one of the rarest cats in the world. They are primarily leaf-eaters but will also consume flowers, fruits and seeds, or even eggs and nestlings. Just in the Heart of Borneo, a 220,000-km2 region in the mountainous centre of the island, there are 10 primate species, over 350 bird species, and 150 reptile andamphibian species. If you’ve been to Borneo’s tropical jungles, you’ll know they’re a really noisy place! The Borneo pygmy elephant is also simply known as the Borneo elephant. Introduction. You can’t think of Borneo without thinking of its endemic and wonderful mascot, the orangutan. Here is a list of awesome animals that travel bloggers have spotted in Borneo, and how you can see them too. Borneo is a mecca for wildlife encounters. At least 15,000 plants, of which 6,000 are found nowhere else in the world, can be found in the swamps, mangroves, and lowland and montane forests of the island. Over 200 species of mammals, 400 birds, 100 amphibians, and 300 fish call them home, after all. Leaf Monkeys. Hose’s Leaf Monkey: This species of primate is found in northern Borneo, specifically northern Sarawak and Sabah of Malaysia, northern East Kalimantan (Indonesia) and Brunei Darussalam.This species can be found from lowland to hill rainforest. Borneo is also home to hundreds of species of mammals, making it a must-visit place for nature and wildlife enthusiasts. Other Borneo mammals that occur in high numbers and which play a major role in the rainforest ecosystem are the smaller carnivores (meat-eating species) of the island. As many other of Borneo’s fantastic animals the pygmy elephant is endangered due to loss of habitat. 12. According to WWF, the island is estimated have at least 222 species of mammals (44 of which are endemic), 420 resident birds (37 endemic), 100 amphibians, 394 fish (19 endemic), and 15,000 plants (6,000 endemic) -- more than 400 of which have been discovered in surveys since 1994. If you’re on the planning stages of your Borneo itinerary, chances are that you want to spend most of your days exploring Borneo’s jungles.. Top Wildlife Encounters in Borneo. Malaysian Borneo has the most amount of protected areas for animals out of the countries that make up Borneo, so if you are short on time, it’s an idea to just head there! 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