The phylogenetic trees were reconstructed with maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, and Bayesian methods by using Drosophila pseudoobscura as the out group. Protein sets from fully sequenced genomes. However, not much is known concerning the TE content and dynamics among other Drosophila … There are three larval stages where larvae molt in order to continue growing in the next larval stage. Drosophila start life as fertilized eggs that develop into embryos and then become larvae. In the developmental field, flies have proven an excellent discovery tool: genetic screens in particular identify new and surprising mechanisms, a “hypothesis-building” tool that is rapid and inexpensive. These small flies have been model organisms for genetic studies since about 1910. mutant phenotype. Enter organism common name, binomial, or tax id. Drosophila melanogaster is even used to teach children about the importance of science. S.F. Native habitats include those in the tropical regions of the Old World, but the common fruit fly has been introduced to almost all temperate regions of the world. Explain document.write ('">'); Lowercase. We used the six Sgs genes and Eig71Ee annotated in D. melanogaster as BLAST queries to identify their putative homologs in 19 other Drosophila species (Table 1).The homologs are summarized in Fig. The glue is a mixture of apparently unrelated proteins, some of which are highly glycosylated and possess internal repeats. Project editor in chief and administrator: Peter Khramov. Waray hini subspecies nga nakalista. Please contact NCBI to make changes. [?] document.write (""); Contacts The only aspects that limit the habitats Drosopila melangaster can live in is temperature and availability of water. At the very end of the larval stage Drosophila expectorate a glue secreted by their salivary glands to attach themselves to a substrate while pupariating. mutant phenotype. 1A ). DROSOPHILA DEVELOPMENT Arun Kumar Pradhan ONA Odisha NET Academy ONA 09337727724 2. Drosophila (/ d r ə ˈ s ɒ f ɪ l ə, d r ɒ-, d r oʊ-/ [1] [2]) is a genus of flies, belonging to the family Drosophilidae, whose members are often called "small fruit flies" or (less frequently) pomace flies, vinegar flies, or wine flies, a reference to the characteristic of many … Nomenclature for Drosophila genes . A recent example is the invasive pest Drosophila suzukii, which, unlike most other Drosophila, lays eggs and feeds on undamaged, ripening fruits., lays eggs and feeds on … Please cite the following publication when using the D. ficusphila genome and annotations: DEVELOPMENT An organism arises from a fertilized egg as the result of three related processes • Cell division • Cell differentiation • Morphogenesis Odisha NET Academy ONA 09337727724 3. See vinegar An Drosophila rhopaloa in nahilalakip ha genus nga Drosophila, ngan familia nga Drosophilidae. Drosophilid fruit flies have provided science with striking cases of behavioral adaptation and genetic innovation. Detailed insects classification with references list. Developmental Biology of Drosophila 1. Museum, 61 (2009), pp. © Insects catalog Insecta.pro, 2007—2021. Drosophila as monitors of change in Hawaiian ecosystems. Conform Catalogue of Life specia Drosophila rhopaloa nu are subspecii cunoscute. Moderators: Vasiliy Feoktistov, Evgeny Komarov, Dmitriy Pozhogin, Alexandr Zhakov. 31-38 CrossRef View Record in Scopus Google Scholar document.write ('th'); It is important to ment ion that we did not fi nd Hel_c 35 in any other hymenopt eran species , … 2012). M. Sonoshita, R.L. After the third larval stage, Drosophila will pupate, which takes about one week from the initial deposition of the fertilized egg by its mother. Enter coordinates for a subrange of the query sequence. We'd like to inform you that we have updated our Privacy Notice to comply Drosophila, genus of flies commonly known as vinegar flies but also misleadingly called fruit flies. 4 Conclusion. The adults may feed on nectar, and may lay their eggs on or near decaying fruit. [1] [2] The phylogeny in this species group is poorly known despite many studies covering many of the species subgroups. Aust. This type of sex comb is found in the montium, ficusphila, and rhopaloa subgroups of the melanogaster , , We previously carried out a phylogenomic analysis of all Drosophila HP1 proteins based on 12 published Drosophila species’ genome sequences (Levine et al. Species catalog enables to sort by characteristics such as expansion, flight time, etc.. Una ning gihulagway ni Bock ug Wheeler ni adtong 1972. Ang Drosophila rhopaloa sakop sa kahenera nga Drosophila sa kabanay nga Drosophilidae. Enter organism common name, binomial, or tax id. Nucleotide sequences of the spacer region of the histone gene H2A-H2B from 36 species of Drosophila melanogaster species group were determined. In this study, we performed a search for Paris-like elements in 56 species of drosophilids to improve the knowledge … Only 20 top taxa will be shown. [187] Species 2000, http://www.sp2000.org. Drosophila_rhopaloa 1757 0.427 17 Drosophila_sechellia 1883 0.456 20 Drosophila_serrata 1820 0.410 15 Drosophila_simulans 1758 0.496 21 Drosophila_suzukii 1937 0.442 21 Drosophila_takahashi 1834 0.364 20 2415 0.475 23 Drosophila is a genus of small flies, belonging to the family Drosophilidae, whose members are often called "fruit flies".. Using this search you will be able to access General Information about Species and Neuropeptides. Its biology was studied with special mention on the injury caused on cherries which gave the species the common name of cherry fruitfly (Kanzawa 1934(Kanzawa , 1936(Kanzawa , 1939. The transposable element (TE) Paris was described in a Drosophila virilis strain (virilis species group) as causing a hybrid dysgenesis with other mobile genetic elements. an experiment that has been published in the scientific literature, an orthologous protein, a record from another database, etc.

D. melanogaster . Evolution of a sexually dimorphic chemosensory system in Drosophila prolongata . For over a century, one species in this group, Drosophila melanogaster , has been key to studies of animal development and genetics, genome organization … We found that 74 of 91 D. melanogaster ZAD-ZNF genes arose in or prior to the common ancestor of all Drosophila species, 40 million years ago. Since then, the element Paris has only been found in D. buzzatii, a species from the repleta group. Authors The genus Drosophila , which contains over 1600 species, is one of the most important model systems in the biological sciences. Thanks to Species for which leg images are shown are indicated in black, the rest are in light gray. The BLAST search will apply only to the residues in the range. Common name and taxonomy information is pulled from the NCBI Taxonomy Database. Some do prefer places where there is rotting fruit. Start typing in the text box, then select your taxid. Drosophila (/ d r ə ˈ s ɒ f ɪ l ə, d r ɒ-, d r oʊ-/) is a genus of flies, belonging to the family Drosophilidae, whose members are often called "small fruit flies" or (less frequently) pomace flies, vinegar flies, or wine flies, a reference to the characteristic of many species to linger around overripe or rotting fruit. document.write (' data-show-count="false" data-lang="ru">Читать @Insecta_pro'); For example, from the name and annotation, it is not possible to tell the difference between the LTR-retrotransposons BEL1 and BEL-1 from D. virilis nor it is possible to consider that the element Gypsy-1 present in D. rhopaloa . document.write ('com/Insecta_pro" class="twitter-follow-button"');

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, The European Molecular Biology Laboratory, State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation, ›Drosophila rhopaloa Bock & Wheeler, 1972. '); In Our living resources: A report to the nation on the distribution, abundancy, and health of U.S. plants, animals, and ecosystems, edited by Edward T. LaRoe, 368-72. with Europe’s new General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) that applies since 25 May 2018. Drosophila rhopaloa. Every . Read "10.1016/S1055-7903(03)00212-4" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. HODCD: B Hodgkinia cicadicola (strain Dsem) 13: CARRP: B Carsonella ruddii (strain PV) 20: TREPP: DROSOPHILA CULTURE We will study basic principles of Mendelian inheritance with the use of the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster [the name means “black-bodied fruit-lover”]. Gypsy-1 present in D. rhopaloa is homologous to the element Gypsy-1 in D. ficusphila. Drosophila rhopaloa este o specie de muște din genul Drosophila, familia Drosophilidae, descrisă de Bock și Wheeler în anul 1972. D. rhopaloa,a n d D. fi cusphila are 99.7, 96, and 94%, re spective ly. initial letter = dominant. gene has an annotation symbol. Drosophila. There are many species in this genus. G. ene) Some genes have a different . . Uppercase. Initially, a Hel_c35 element from a Drosophila species in the rhopaloa subgroup was horizontally transferred into the ancestral genome of C. vestalis ∼0.862 MYA, probably during parasitization. Terms of use and publishing policy. Some flies in the Drosophila melanogaster lineage exhibit wing spots, which vary among species. (a) Phylogenetic relationships among the species used in this study (Based on Barmina & Kopp, 2007). Few themed publications and a living blog. Project Name Common Name Scientific Name Taxonomy Target Sequencing Group Project Status Black Yeasts* Black Yeast Cladophialophora bantiana Bacteria Draft Assembly BI Not Started Black Yeasts* Black Yeast document.write ("or"); Only 20 top taxa will be shown. * Our website is multilingual. The following form is used for searching the database. Scientific name i: rhopaloa subgroup: Taxonomy navigation › melanogaster group. The genomic contribution varied significantly among the species, especially in D. elegans and D. rhopaloa, which show a greater genomic proportion when compared to the D. melanogaster subgroup ( Figure 1 ). Even among closely related species, the variation of TE amount may be striking, as for example between the two sibling species, Drosophila melanogaster and D. simulans. This table summarizes all of the arthropod genome projects archived in an International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration (INSDC) database regardless of … initial letter = recessive. Start typing in the text box, then select your taxid. All lower taxonomy nodes (5) Common name i-Synonym i- Rank i: SPECIES_SUBGROUP: Lineage i › … Drosophila elegans is included as an outgroup to the rhopaloa species subgroup, which encompasses the remaining species. Initial species uploading to the site: Peter Khramov. Drosophila rhopaloa Bock & Wheeler, 1972: Espesye sa langaw ang Drosophila rhopaloa. Scientific name i Drosophila prolongata Taxonomy navigation › rhopaloa subgroup Terminal (leaf) node. Drosophila is a widely used model organism for scientific research and the study of this organism has provided insight into eukaryotic genetics and human disease. In this analysis, we found that the Oxpecker (“ Oxp ” from now on) gene was born via gene duplication from HP1D within the last 15 million years ( fig. Drosophila has a long and proud history of solving complex problems with powerful genetics. Common name i: Fruit fly: Synonym i-Other names i ›Drosophila rhopaloa Bock & Wheeler, 1972: Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i Examining the underlying genetics of spot determination, Arnoult et al. As predicted, orthologs of ORs that persist in microbe-feeding Drosophila species and are lost in S. flava , function in yeast-volatile detection ( Table 1 ). You are using a version of browser that may not display all the features of this website. Drosophila as monitors of change in Hawaiian ecosystems Foote, David and Hampton L. Carson. The following sections contain reference sequences that belong to a specific genome build. You can offer your photo by logging into your account, Drosophila acanthostoma Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila acroria Wheeler & Takada, 1962, Drosophila acrostigma Tsacas & Chassagnard, 1999, Drosophila adamisa Chassagnard & Tsacas, 1997, Drosophila aethostoma Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila agumbensis Prakash & Reddy, 1978, Drosophila akoko Magnacca & O'Grady, 2008, Drosophila alafumosa Patterson & Mainland, 1943, Drosophila alagitans Patterson & Mainland, 1943, Drosophila albovitata Sheng, Tan & Chen, 1944, Drosophila aldrichi Patterson and Crow, 1940, Drosophila algonquin Sturtevant and Dobzhansky, 1936, Drosophila alsophila Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1971, Drosophila altiplanica Brncic & Santibanez, 1957, Drosophila altukhovi Imasheva, Lazebny, Cariou, David & Tsacas, 1994, Drosophila ambochila Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1971, Drosophila amphibolos Tsacas & Chassagnard, 1990, Drosophila anceps Patterson & Mainland, 1944, Drosophila andamanensis Gupta & Ray-Chaudhuri, 1970, Drosophila annulosa Vilela & Bachli, 1990, Drosophila anomelani Reddy & Krishnamurthy, 1973, Drosophila anoplostoma Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila antecedens Kam & Perreira 2003, Drosophila antioquia Vilela & Bachli, 2000, Drosophila antonietae Tidon-Sklorz & Sene, 2001, Drosophila apicespinata Zhang & Gan, 1986, Drosophila aplophallata Zhang & Toda, 1995, Drosophila apodemata Okada & Carson, 1983, Drosophila arassari Cunha & Frota-Pessoa, 1947, Drosophila arizonae Ruiz, Heed & Wasserman, 1990, Drosophila artecarina Takada & Momma, 1975, Drosophila assita Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1969, Drosophila atacamensis Brncic & Wheeler, 1987, Drosophila athabasca Sturtevant & Dobzhansky, 1936, Drosophila atrifacies Hardy & Kaneshiro 2001, Drosophila atrimentum Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1971, Drosophila attigua Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1969, Drosophila aurea Patterson & Mainland, 1944, Drosophila austroheptica Tsaur & Lin, 1991, Drosophila azteca Sturtevant and Dobzhansky, 1936, Drosophila bakoue Tascas & Lachaise, 1974, Drosophila bandeirantorum Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943, Drosophila basisetae Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila baucipyga Lachaise & Chassagnard, 2001, Drosophila bedicheki Heed & Russell, 1971, Drosophila belladunni Heed & Krishnamurthy, 1959, Drosophila bhagamandalensis Muniyappa, Reddy & Krishnamurthy, 1981, Drosophila biauraria Bock & Wheeler, 1972, Drosophila bicornuta Bock & Wheeler, 1972, Drosophila bifidiprocera Zhang & Gan, 1986, Drosophila bifurca Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila bipunctata Patterson & Mainland, 1943, Drosophila birchii Dobzhansky & Mather, 1961, Drosophila bocainensis Pavan & Cunha, 1947, Drosophila bocqueti Tsacas & Lachaise, 1974, Drosophila bodemannae Pipkin & Heed, 1964, Drosophila brachytarsa Chassagnard & Tsacas, 1997, Drosophila brahmagiriensis Muniyappa, Reddy & Krishnamurthy, 1981, Drosophila brevicarinata Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila brevitabula Zhang & Toda, 1992, Drosophila bromelioides Pavan & Cunha, 1947, Drosophila brunettii Chaudhuri & Mukherjee, 1941, Drosophila brunneicrus Hardy & Kaneshiro, 2001, Drosophila bunnanda Schiffer & McEvey, 2006, Drosophila buzzatii Patterson & Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila calidata Takada, Beppu & Toda, 1979, Drosophila camargoi Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1950, Drosophila canalinea Patterson & Mainland, 1944, Drosophila canapalpa Patterson and Mainland, 1944, Drosophila canavalia Magnacca & O'Grady, 2008, Drosophila capnoptera Patterson & Mainland, 1944, Drosophila capricorni Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943, Drosophila carbonaria Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila cardinoides Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943, Drosophila carlosvilelai Vela & Rafael, 2001, Drosophila cauverii Muniyappa, Reddy & Prakash, 1982, Drosophila cellarum Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830, Drosophila chaetocephala Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1979, Drosophila chagrinensis Stalker and Spencer, 1939, Drosophila chamundiensis Sajjan & Krishnamurthy, 1972, Drosophila changuinolae Wheeler & Magalhaes, 1962, Drosophila charmadensis Gowda & Krishnamurthy, 1972, Drosophila chicae Hardy & Kaneshiro, 2001, Drosophila cilifera Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila ciliotarsa Gupta & Gupta, 1990, Drosophila cinerea Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila claytonae Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1969, Drosophila confertidentata Zhang, Li & Feng, 2006, Drosophila constricta Okada & Carson, 1983, Drosophila coonorensis Reddy & Krishnamurthy, 1973, Drosophila cornixa Takada, Momma & Shima, 1973, Drosophila cornutitarsus Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1979, Drosophila craddockae Kaneshiro & Kambysellis, 1999, Drosophila crassa Patterson & Mainland, 1944, Drosophila crispipennis Okada & Carson, 1983, Drosophila crossoptera Wheeler & Takada, 1962, Drosophila cuaso Bachli, Vilela & Ratcov, 2000, Drosophila cuauhtemoci Felix & Dobzhansky, 1976, Drosophila cundinamarca Vilela & Bachli, 2000, Drosophila curiosa Hardy & Kaneshiro, 2001, Drosophila curta Chassagnard & Tsacas, 1997, Drosophila curtitarsis Hardy & Kaneshiro, 2001, Drosophila curviceps Okada & Kurokawa, 1957, Drosophila curvispina Watabe & Toda, 1984, Drosophila dacunhai Mourao & Bicudo, 1967, Drosophila davidgrimaldii Vilela & Bachli, 1990, Drosophila decolor Tsacas & Chassagnard, 1994, Drosophila deflecta Malloch and Mcatee, 1924, Drosophila denticulata Bock & Wheeler, 1972, Drosophila dentissima Bock & Wheeler, 1972, Drosophila dicropeza Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1979, Drosophila dictena Tsacas & Chassagnard, 1992, Drosophila differens Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1975, Drosophila digressa Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila dimitroides Chassagnard & Tsacas, 1997, Drosophila diplacantha Tsacas & David, 1978, Drosophila discreta Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila divaricata Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1971, Drosophila dreyfusi Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943, Drosophila dunni Townsend & Wheeler, 1955, Drosophila echinostoma Kam & Perreira 2003, Drosophila eleonorae Tosi, Martins, Vilela & Pereira, 1990, Drosophila endobranchia Carson & Wheeler, 1968, Drosophila enhydrobia Bachli & Tsacas, 2005, Drosophila eniwae Takada, Beppu & Toda, 1979, Drosophila epiobscura Parshad & Duggal, 1967, Drosophila eprocessata Zhang & Toda, 1995, Drosophila erecta Tsacas & Lachaise, 1974, Drosophila eskoi Lakovaara & Lankinen, 1974, Drosophila eugracilis Bock & Wheeler, 1972, Drosophila euronotus Patterson and Ward, 1952, Drosophila exiguitata Takada, Momma & Shima, 1973, Drosophila fairchildi Pipkin & Heed, 1964, Drosophila fascigera Hardy & Kaneshiro, 2001, Drosophila fascioloides Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943, Drosophila ficusphila Kikkawa & Peng, 1938, Drosophila flavimedifemur Zhang & Toda, 1988, Drosophila flavopleuralis Takada, Momma & Shima, 1973, Drosophila flavorepleta Patterson & Pavan, 1952, Drosophila flexipes Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila flumenicola Watabe & Peng, 1991, Drosophila fluminensis Vilela & Bachli, 2004, Drosophila fontdevilai Vela & Rafael, 2001, Drosophila forficata Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1979, Drosophila formella Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1972, Drosophila freiremaiai Vilela & Bachli, 2000, Drosophila frotapessoai Vilela & Bachli, 1990, Drosophila fulgida Hardy & Kaneshiro, 2001, Drosophila fulvalineata Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila fulvimacula Patterson & Mainland, 1944, Drosophila fulvimaculoides Wasserman & Wilson, 1957, Drosophila fumifera Wheeler & Takada, 1964, Drosophila furcatarsus Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1979, Drosophila fustiformis Zhang & Liang, 1993, Drosophila gangotrii Muniyappa & Reddy, 1981, Drosophila gata Lachaise & Chassagnard, 2001, Drosophila gentica Wheeler & Takada, 1962, Drosophila gibberosa Patterson & Mainland, 1943, Drosophila giriensis Prakash & Reddy, 1977, Drosophila glabriapex Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila gorokaensis Okada & Carson, 1982, Drosophila gouveai Tidon-Sklorz & Sene, 2001, Drosophila gradata Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila grisea Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila guacamaya Bachli & Vilela, 2002, Drosophila guangdongensis Toda & Peng, 1989, Drosophila guaru Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943, Drosophila guayllabambae Rafael & Arcos, 1988, Drosophila gundensis Prakash & Reddy, 1977, Drosophila gunungcola Sultana, Kimura & Toda, 1999, Drosophila gymnobasis Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1971, Drosophila gymnophallus Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1975, Drosophila halapepe Magnacca & O'Grady, 2008, Drosophila hamatofila Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila hamifera Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila hemianthrax Hardy & Kaneshiro, 2001, Drosophila heterobristalis Tan, Hsu & Sheng, 1949, Drosophila hexastigma Patterson and Mainland, 1944, Drosophila hexastriata Tan, Hsu & Sheng, 1949, Drosophila hirtipalpus Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila hirtiscutellata Sturtevant, 1927, Drosophila hollisae Vilela & Pereira, 1992, Drosophila huancavilcae Rafael & Arcos 1989, Drosophila huayla Pilar, Pilares & Vasquez, 1988, Drosophila hubeiensis Sperlich & Watabe, 1997, Drosophila hydeoides Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila hydroessa Bachli & Tsacas, 2005, Drosophila hypomelana Okada & Carson, 1983, Drosophila hystricosa Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1969, Drosophila inciliata Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila incompta Wheeler & Takada, 1962, Drosophila ingens Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1971, Drosophila inopinata Lachaise & Chassagnard, 2002, Drosophila ironensis Bock & Parsons, 1978, Drosophila iroquois Sturtevant and Dobzansky, 1936, Drosophila jambulina Parshad & Paika, 1965, Drosophila johnstonae Pipkin & Heed, 1964, Drosophila kahania Magnacca & O'Grady, 2008, Drosophila kambysellisi Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1969, Drosophila kanekoi Watabe & Higuchi, 1979, Drosophila karakasa Watabe & Liangg, 1990, Drosophila kashmirensis Kumar & Gupta, 1985, Drosophila kauaiensis Magnacca & O'Grady, 2008, Drosophila kilimanjarica Lachaise & Chassagnard, 2001, Drosophila kinabaluana Takada, Momma & Shima, 1973, Drosophila koepferae Fontdevila & Wasserman, 1988, Drosophila konaensis Magnacca & O'Grady, 2008, Drosophila kualapa Magnacca & O'Grady, 2008, Drosophila kuhao Magnacca & O'Grady, 2008, Drosophila kulouriensis Fartyal & Singh, 2008, Drosophila kurseongensis Gupta & Singh, 1978, Drosophila kweichowensis Tan, Hsu & Sheng, 1949, Drosophila lasiopoda Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1975, Drosophila latipaenula Okada & Carson, 1982, Drosophila lauoho Magnacca & O'Grady, 2008, Drosophila leonis Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila libellulosa Tsacas & Legrand, 1979, Drosophila lichuanensis Zhang & Liang, 1994, Drosophila limensis Pavan & Patterson, 1947, Drosophila limitata Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila linearepleta Patterson & Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila lineosetae Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila liophallus Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila lissodora Hardy & Kaneshiro, 2001, Drosophila lobatopalpus Kam & Perreira 2003, Drosophila loiciana Tsacas & Chassagnard, 2000, Drosophila longala Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila longicornis Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila longicrinis Lachaise & Chassagnard, 2002, Drosophila longipalpus Magnacca & O'Grady, 2008, Drosophila longipectinata Takada, Momma & Shima, 1973, Drosophila longissima Okada & Carson, 1983, Drosophila lowei Heed, Crumpacker and Ehrma, 1968, Drosophila luisserrai Vilela & Bachli, 2002, Drosophila machachensis Vela & Rafael, 2001, Drosophila macropolia Patterson and Mainland, 1944, Drosophila macroptera Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila macrospina Stalker and Spencer, 1939, Drosophila macrothrix Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila madikerii Muniyappa & Gupta, 1980, Drosophila magalhaesi Mourao & Bicudo, 1967, Drosophila maggulae Gupta & Sundaran, 1990, Drosophila magnabadia Patterson and Mainland, 1943, Drosophila magnafumosa Stalker and Spencer, 1939, Drosophila mahican Sturtevant and Dobzhansky, 1936, Drosophila mahui Magnacca & O'Grady, 2008, Drosophila makawao Magnacca & O'Grady, 2008, Drosophila malagassya Tsacas & Rafael, 1982, Drosophila malele Magnacca & O'Grady, 2008, Drosophila malerkotliana Parshad & Paika, 1965, Drosophila mangabeirai Malogolowkin, 1951, Drosophila mapiriensis Vilela & Bachli, 1990, Drosophila martensis Wasserman & Wilson, 1957, Drosophila maryensis Gupta & Dwivedi, 1980, Drosophila mauritiana Tsacas & David, 1974, Drosophila mawaena Magnacca & O'Grady, 2008, Drosophila mayri Mather & Dobzhansky, 1962, Drosophila mediobandes Dwivedi & Gupta, 1980, Drosophila medioconstricta Watabe, Zhang & Gan, 1990, Drosophila mediodelta Heed & Wheeler, 1957, Drosophila mediodiffusa Heed & Wheeler, 1957, Drosophila medioimpressa Frota-Pessoa, 1954, Drosophila medioparva Heed & Wheeler, 1957, Drosophila mediopictoides Heed & Wheeler, 1957, Drosophila mediopunctata Dobzhansky Pavan, 1943, Drosophila mediovittata Frota-Pessoa, 1954, Drosophila megalagitans Wheeler & Magalhaes, 1962, Drosophila meitanensis Tan, Hsu & Sheng, 1949, Drosophila mercatorum Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila meridiana Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila metasetigerata Gupta & Kumar, 1986, Drosophila microdenticulata Panigrahy & Gupta, 1983, Drosophila micromyia Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1975, Drosophila micropectinata Takada & Momma, 1975, Drosophila milolii Magnacca & O'Grady, 2008, Drosophila minangkabau Zhang & Toda, 1995, Drosophila montana Stone, Griffen and Patter, 1942, Drosophila montgomeryi Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1971, Drosophila moriwakii Okada & Kurokawa, 1957, Drosophila mukteshwarensis Joshi, Fartyal & Singh, 2005, Drosophila mulli Perreira & Kaneshiro, 1991, Drosophila multiciliata Hardy & Kaneshiro, 2001, Drosophila multidentata Watabe & Zhang, 1990, Drosophila murphyi Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1969, Drosophila mysorensis Reddy & Krishnamurthy, 1970, Drosophila nagarholensis Prakash & Reddy, 1980, Drosophila nainitalensis Singh & Bhatt, 1988, Drosophila nappae Vilela, Valente & Basso-da-Silva, 2004, Drosophila narragansett Sturtevant and Dobzhansky, 1936, Drosophila navojoa Ruiz, Heed & Wasserman, 1990, Drosophila neoalagitans Wheeler & Magalhaes, 1962, Drosophila neoclavisetae Perreira & Kaneshiro, 1991, Drosophila neoelegans Gupta & Singh, 1978, Drosophila neoelliptica Pavan & Magalhaes, 1950, Drosophila neogata Lachaise & Chassagnard, 2001, Drosophila neohypocausta Lin & Wheeler, 1973, Drosophila neoimmigrans Gai & Krishnamurthy, 1982, Drosophila neokadai Kaneko & Takada, 1966, Drosophila neokhaoyana Singh & Dash, 1998, Drosophila neokuntzei Singh & Gupta, 1981, Drosophila neolacteicornis Hegde & Krishna, 1999, Drosophila neomitra Chassagnard & Tsacas, 1997, Drosophila neonasuta Sajjan & Krishnamurthy, 1972, Drosophila neorepleta Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila neosaltans Pavan & Magalhaes, 1950, Drosophila neosignata Kumar & Gupta, 1988, Drosophila neotestacea Grimaldi, James & Jaenike, 1992, Drosophila neotrapezifrons Ranganath, Krishnamurthy & Hedge, 1983, Drosophila nesiota Wheeler & Takada, 1962, Drosophila nigrialata Takada, Momma & Shima, 1973, Drosophila nigricincta Frota-Pessoa, 1954, Drosophila nigricruria Patterson & Mainland, 1943, Drosophila nigridentata Watabe, Toda & Peng, 1995, Drosophila nigrodumosa Wasserman & Fontdevila, 1990, Drosophila nigrodunni Heed & Wheeler, 1957, Drosophila nigrohydei Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila nigromaculata Kikkawa & Peng, 1938, Drosophila nigromelanica Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila nigropleuralis Takada, Momma & Shima, 1973, Drosophila nigrospiracula Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila nitida Tsacas & Chassagnard, 1994, Drosophila niveifrons Okada & Carson, 1982, Drosophila nixifrons Tan, Hsu & Sheng, 1949, Drosophila novaspinofera Gupta & Singh, 1979, Drosophila novazonata Gupta & Dwivedi, 1980, Drosophila novemaristata Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943, Drosophila novitskii Sulerud and Miller, 1966, Drosophila nullilineata Zhang & Toda, 1988, Drosophila obatai Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1972, Drosophila ocellata Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1969, Drosophila ochrobasis Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila ochropleura Hardy & Kaneshiro, 2001, Drosophila odontophallus Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila odontostoma Kam & Perreira 2003, Drosophila ohnishii Zannat and Toda, 2002, Drosophila okala Magnacca & O'Grady, 2008, Drosophila orbospiracula Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila orientacea Grimaldi, James & Jaenike, 1992, Drosophila orkui Brncic & Santibanez, 1957, Drosophila ornata Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1969, Drosophila orphnopeza Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila orthofascia Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila ovilongata Gupta & Gupta, 1991, Drosophila pachea Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila padangensis Zhang & Toda, 1995, Drosophila paenehamifera Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1969, Drosophila pallidipennis Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943, Drosophila pallidosa Bock & Wheeler, 1972, Drosophila palmata Takada, Momma & Shima, 1973, Drosophila palniensis Hegde & Shakunthala, 1999, Drosophila panina Magnacca & O'Grady, 2008, Drosophila panoanoa Magnacca & O'Grady, 2008, Drosophila papaalai Magnacca & O'Grady, 2008, Drosophila papala Magnacca & O'Grady, 2008, Drosophila paraanthrax Hardy & Kaneshiro, 2001, Drosophila parachrogaster Patterson & Mainland, 1943, Drosophila paracracens Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1979, Drosophila paragata Lachaise & Chassagnard, 2001, Drosophila paraimmigrans Gai & Krishnamurthy, 1986, Drosophila paralongifera Gupta & Singh, 1981, Drosophila paralutea Bock & Wheeler, 1972, Drosophila paramediostriata Townsend & Wheeler, 1955, Drosophila parannularis Vilela & Bachli, 1990, Drosophila paranthrax Hardy & Kaneshiro, 2001, Drosophila parasignata Takada, Momma & Shima, 1973, Drosophila paraviaristata Takada, Momma & Shima, 1973, Drosophila parazonata Gupta & Dwivedi, 1980, Drosophila parthenogenetica Stalker, 1953, Drosophila pasochoensis Vela & Rafael, 2001, Drosophila paucicilia Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1971, Drosophila paucitarsus Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1979, Drosophila pauliceia Ratcov & Vilela, 2007, Drosophila paulistorum Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1949, Drosophila pavlovskiana Kastritsis & Dobzhansky, 1967, Drosophila pectinifera Wheeler & Takada, 1964, Drosophila penicillipennis Takada, Momma & Shima, 1973, Drosophila penidentata Singh & Gupta, 1981, Drosophila peninsularis Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila penniclubata Singh & Gupta, 1981, Drosophila pentafuscata Gupta & Kumar, 1986, Drosophila pentaspina Parshad & Duggal, 1967, Drosophila pereirai Takada, Momma & Shima, 1973, Drosophila periquito Bachli & Vilela, 2002, Drosophila perrisi Wheeler & Hamilton, 1972, Drosophila persimilis Dobzhansky and Epling, 1944, Drosophila phaeopleura Bock & Wheeler, 1972, Drosophila pilacrinis Lachaise & Chassagnard, 2002, Drosophila pilatisetae Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila pilocornuta Lachaise & Chassagnard, 2001, Drosophila pisonia Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1971, Drosophila pittieri Bachli & Vilela, 2002, Drosophila platitarsus Frota-Pessoa, 1954, Drosophila pohaka Magnacca & O'Grady, 2008, Drosophila pollinospadix Patterson and Mainalnd, 1944, Drosophila polychaeta Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila polymorpha Dobzhansky & Pavan, 1943, Drosophila ponderosa Patterson and Mainland, 1943, Drosophila poonia Magnacca & O'Grady, 2008, Drosophila populi Wheeler and Throckmorton, 1961, Drosophila primaeva Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila procardinoides Frydenberg, 1956, Drosophila prodispar Parsons & Bock, 1982, Drosophila prolongata Singh & Gupta, 1977, Drosophila prostopalpis Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila pruinifacies Frota-Pessoa, 1954, Drosophila pseudoargentostriata Wheeler, 1981, Drosophila pseudobaimaii Takada, Momma & Shima, 1973, Drosophila pseudobocainensis Wheeler & Magalhaes, 1962, Drosophila pseudodenticulata Takada & Momma, 1975, Drosophila pseudoobscura Frolova and Astaurov, 1929, Drosophila pseudorepleta Vilela & Bachli, 1990, Drosophila pseudosordidula Kaneko & Tokumitsu, 1964, Drosophila pseudotalamancana Pereira & Vilela, 1987, Drosophila psilophallus Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1971, Drosophila psilotarsalis Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1975, Drosophila pterocelis Tsacas & Chassagnard, 1999, Drosophila pulchrella Tan, Hsu & Sheng, 1949, Drosophila pullata Tan, Hsu & Sheng, 1949, Drosophila pullipes Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1972, Drosophila punctatipennis Tscas & David, 1975, Drosophila punjabiensis Parshad & Paika, 1965, Drosophila purpurea Gupta & Sundaran, 1990, Drosophila quadraria Bock & Wheeler, 1972, Drosophila quadriserrata Okada & Carson, 1982, Drosophila quadrisetata Takada, Beppu & Toda, 1979, Drosophila quinqueramosa Hardy & Kaneshiro, 2001, Drosophila quinquestriata Lin & Wheeler, 1973, Drosophila racemova Patterson and Mainland, 1944, Drosophila ranchograndensis Bachli & Vilela, 2002, Drosophila rectangularis Sturtevant, 1942, Drosophila recticilia Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila reschae Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1975, Drosophila retnasabapathyi Takada & Momma, 1975, Drosophila reynoldsiae Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1972, Drosophila ritae Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila ruberrimoides Zhang & Gan, 1986, Drosophila rubidifrons Patterson and Mainland, 1944, Drosophila rubrifrons Patterson and Wheeler, 1942, Drosophila ruminahuii Vela & Rafael, 2004, Drosophila sahyadrii Prakash & Reddy, 1979, Drosophila sampagensis Muniyappa & Reddy, 1980, Drosophila santomea Lachaise & Harry 2000, Drosophila sargakhetensis Joshi, Fartyal & Singh, 2005, Drosophila sattalensis Fartyal & Singh, 1994, Drosophila schachti Bachli, Vilela & Haring, 2002, Drosophila schineri Pereira & Vilela, 1987, Drosophila sechellia Tsacas & Bachli, 1981, Drosophila seguyiana Chassagnard & Tsacas, 1997, Drosophila sejuncta Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila seminole Sturtevant and Dobzhansky, 1936, Drosophila septacoila Gai & Krishnamurthy, 1984, Drosophila septentriosaltans Magalhaes & Buck, 1962, Drosophila seriema Tidon-Sklorz & Sene, 1995, Drosophila serripaenula Okada & Carson, 1982, Drosophila setapex Patterson and Mainland, 1944, Drosophila setitarsa Gupta & Dwivedi, 1980, Drosophila setosifrons Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila setosimentum Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila setositibia Hardy & Kaneshiro, 2001, Drosophila seyanii Chassagnard & Tsacas, 1997, Drosophila siamana Ikeda, Hihara, Asada, Fujiwara & Lin, 1983, Drosophila siangensis Kumar & Gupta, 1988, Drosophila sikkimensis Gupta & Gupta, 1991, Drosophila silvarentis Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila simulivora Tsacas & Disney, 1974, Drosophila sobrina Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1971, Drosophila sodomae Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila sonorae Heed & Castrezana, 2008, Drosophila sordidula Kikkawa & Peng, 1938, Drosophila spadicifrons Patterson & Mainland, 1944, Drosophila spaniothrix Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila speciosa Silva & Martins, 2004, Drosophila spinatermina Heed & Wheeler, 1957, Drosophila sproati Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila spuricurviceps Zhang & Gan, 1986, Drosophila starmeri Wasserman, Koepfer & Ward, 1973, Drosophila stenotrichala Lachaise & Chassagnard, 2002, Drosophila sternopleuralis Okada & Kurokawa, 1957, Drosophila stictoptera Tsacas & Chassagnard, 1999, Drosophila subbadia Patterson & Mainland, 1943, Drosophila subfunebris Stalker and Spencer, 1939, Drosophila submacroptera Patterson & Mainland, 1943, Drosophila subopaca Hardy & Kaneshiro, 2001, Drosophila subpulchrella Takamori & Watabe, 2006, Drosophila subsigmoides Patterson and Mainland, 1944, Drosophila subsilvestris Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila subviridis Patterson and Mainland, 1943, Drosophila sucinea Patterson and Mainland, 1944, Drosophila systenopeza Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1979, Drosophila taipinsanensis Lin & Tseng, 1973, Drosophila tanytarsis Hardy & Kaneshiro, 2001, Drosophila tetradentata Singh & Gupta, 1981, Drosophila tetravittata Takada & Momma, 1975, Drosophila tolteca Patterson & Mainland, 1944, Drosophila touchardiae Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1972, Drosophila toxochaeta Perreira & Kaneshiro, 1991, Drosophila triauraria Bock & Wheeler, 1972, Drosophila trichala Lachaise & Chassagnard, 2002, Drosophila tricombata Singh & Gupta, 1977, Drosophila tristriata Heed & Wheeler, 1957, Drosophila tropicalis Burla & Cunha, 1949, Drosophila tschirnhausi Bachli & Vilela, 2002, Drosophila tucumana Vilela & Pereira, 1985, Drosophila turbata Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1969, Drosophila unguicula Okada & Carson, 1983, Drosophila uninubes Patterson & Mainland, 1943, Drosophila uniseriata Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila uniseta Wasserman, Koepfer & Ward, 1973, Drosophila urubamba Vilela & Pereira, 1993, Drosophila usambarensis Lachaise & Chassagnard, 2001, Drosophila venezolana Wasserman, Fontdevila & Ruiz, 1983, Drosophila vesciseta Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila viracochi Brncic & Santibanez, 1957, Drosophila vireni Bachli, Vilela & Haring, 2002, Drosophila virgulata Hardy & Kaneshiro, 1968, Drosophila wassermani Pitnick & Heed, 1994, Drosophila wheeleri Patterson and Alexander, 1952, Drosophila yunnanensis Watabe & Liang, 1990. document.write ('